There has been increased interest and speculation in the evolution of 5G in recent years; Furthermore, this year in 2018 5G is expected to enter the real scene. At the end of 2018, AT&T appears to launch mobile 5G to many select markets. Additionally, starting with Sacramento, CA, many cities will be introduced on fixed 5G as Verizon partners with Samsung. While alternative carriers T-Mobile and Sprint have plans to enter the 5G scene in 2019 and 2020. In a National Security Report released by the White House, 5G Wireless service is now listed as an infrastructure priority.
So what is 5G?
5G is the fifth generation of cellular technology: the G represents the next generation, the 4G standard that was introduced in 2010. In December 2017, a formal standard was established that establishes the specification for 5G. So 5G, when it comes to download and upload speed, will exceed 4G standards by 100 times. Also, with 5G, there will be fewer latency problems currently existing on the network. The results of 5G will be faster and connectivity will be more reliable, which will advance the next technology.
Implication of 5G evolution
- IoT and autonomous cars
With the evolution of 5G, autonomous cars will be safer, more enjoyable, and more efficient. 5G has a low latency that will allow autonomous cars to be closely linked with other connected devices, such as smart city infrastructure – traffic lights, etc. 5G will simplify the stress that we are currently placing on 4G networks with the increasing number of connected devices. IoT will be much faster and more dynamic, as there will be a rapid transfer of large volumes of data. Without sacrificing performance, 5G will connect more and more devices.
- Mobile innovation
As fast as mobile internet will be, there will also be an evolution in mobile innovation. With superior AR and VR experiences, mobile experiences that are not supported by current generation 4G technology will not be seen or heard before. The current smartphone is not aligned with 5G, but as the technology develops, there will also be tremendous growth in devices. Additionally, ZTE has already announced that the company will bring 5G-compatible phones in late 2018 or early 2019. 4G has the strain of increasingly connected devices that will be relieved by 5G technology.
- Internet at home
Technology will come first with fixed 5G, so the Internet at home will enjoy many benefits. The most surprising characteristics of 5G technology are that it does not involve a large expensive investment in the way it is required to install the fiber optic cable. 5G Home Internet will be completely wireless, allowing users to enjoy seamless Internet experiences.
- The future
After much waiting and consideration, it is certain that 5G will be rolled out by the end of this year 2018. We can identify that some of the areas such as autonomous cars, home internet and mobile innovation are destined to evolve with the evolution of 5G. However, in the long term, 5G will bring innovations on the digital stage.